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10 Plagues

*images & supplementary content used with permission from TVC Resources

The 10 plagues of Egypt were acts of divine justice by God against the oppressors of His people. They demonstrated the power of the one, true God and exposed the gods that the Egyptians worshiped as false. Each plague corresponded to particular Egyptian gods and served to prove— both to the Egyptians and the Israelites—who the true Sovereign Ruler was.

PLAGUE 1

Water turned to blood

EGYPTIAN GOD(S)

Apis, Isis, Khnum and Osiris, gods of the Nile

EFFECT

It killed all the fish and made the water unusable, devastating the economy

PLAGUE 2

Frogs

EGYPTIAN GOD(S)

Heqet, the frog goddess

EFFECT

Frogs invaded all the homes and later died. The Egyptians believed frogs to be sacred.

PLAGUE 3

Gnats

EGYPTIAN GOD(S)

Set, god of the desert

EFFECT

The dust of the desert turned to gnats and swarmed over everything—the first plague that the Egyptian sorcerers couldn’t duplicate.

PLAGUE 4

Flies

EGYPTIAN GOD(S)

Uatchit, the fly god

EFFECT

Flies swarmed the Egyptians—the first plague that didn’t also affect the Israelites.

PLAGUE 5

Diseased livestock

EGYPTIAN GOD(S)

Hathor and Apis, cattle gods

EFFECT

The Egyptian cattle died, devastating the economy further.

PLAGUE 6

Boils

EGYPTIAN GOD(S)

Sekhmet, Sunu and Isis, gods over health and disease

EFFECT

Boils covered the bodies of the Egyptians and kept the sorcerers away from the royal court.

PLAGUE 7

Hail

EGYPTIAN GOD(S)

Nut, the sky goddess, Osiris, the crop fertility god, and Set, the storm god

EFFECT

Hail and fire ruined the Egyptians’ land.

PLAGUE 8

Locusts

EGYPTIAN GOD(S)

Nut, Osiris and Set

EFFECT

The locusts devoured the Egyptian crops, preventing a harvest for that year.

PLAGUE 9

Darkness

EGYPTIAN GOD(S)

Re, god of the sun, also symbolic of Pharaoh himself

EFFECT

Darkness covered Egypt for three days, but the Israelite homes still had light.


PLAGUE 10

Death of the Egyptian firstborn sons

EGYPTIAN GOD(S)

Isis, the protector of children, and also served as judgment on Pharaoh himself

EFFECT

The angel of God killed the firstborn sons of the Egyptians but passed over the homes of the Israelites.